A brief history of Proteus mirabilis dates back to late 1880s when Gustav Hauser discovered the bacterium. The scientist named the bacterium Proteus after a character Proteus. As part of the larger family of Enterobacteriaceae, Proteus classification is the same as gram-negative bacilli. The organism, Proteus, studies show display severe infection among people, the same as Escherichia, Klebsiella, enterobacteria among other species. Proteus mirabilis is commonly present within the intestinal tract of the human being as part of healthy intestinal flora. Other species present in the region include Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species. Proteus mirabilis is responsible for causing close to 90 percent of the Proteus infections. Medical practitioners have over the past years categorized the condition as community-acquired (Jawor, Stefaniak and Mee, 2017).
The authors, Jawor, Stefaniak and Mee, (2017) adds that, Proteus mirabilis, commonly abbreviated as P. mirabilis, naturally exists widely in the human system. Aside from the flora of gastrointestinal tract, the bacteria survive on soil and water. The shape of Proteus mirabilis alternates between the rod-shaped swimmer and multinucleate since it is gram-negative bacteria. Just like the other swimmer cells, Proteus mirabilis’ flagella range between eight and ten and the length is one to two micrometer. On the other hand, some swarm cells due to their elongated flagella range from 20 to 30 micrometers. Proteus mirabilis cell colony display-centric rings with few reported cases showing spiral and radial torrent
In human, the commonplace where Proteus mirabilis thrives is the gastrointestinal tract, colonies in the bladder and kidney. Some studies carried out have also established the strains of the species in the intestinal tract, commonly in animals like dogs and cattle. Within the habitat that the bacteria survive the PH levels are alkaline. Like some bac...
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