The U.S Center for Disease Control and Prevention identified teen suicide as a significant health problem among young people. In particular, approximately one million (8%) of young citizens, aged between 15 to 24, attempt suicide annually; and this results in 1,700 teenager deaths per year (American Psychological Association, 2018). Apart from the associated mortalities, teenage suicides have profound financial implications; the U.S spends nearly $ 93.5 billion on prevention and management of teenage suicides.
Psychological experts have linked suicidal distress and subsequent suicidal deaths to a multifactorial interaction of social, psychological and environmental factors during adolescence (American Psychological Association, 2018). Mental disorders such as depression and emotional distress are frequently witnessed in youths who are directly or indirectly faced with; family violence, sexual abuse, bullying, sexual orientation confusion, interpersonal losses, and other stressful life events. Moreover, in their teenage years, most teenagers are exposed to substance abuse which compounds any coexisting mental disorders to cause suicidal distress. 90% of people affected by the outlined risk factors fail to cope with life and opt for suicide (American Psychological Association, 2018).
Detection of early warning signs of suicide among teenagers is the initial step in teen suicide prevention. At-risk teens may often talk about death, act erratically, and feel worthless. Besides, the victims exhibit changes in behavior; inability to concentrate, altered sleep patterns, loss of interest in activities and people, and unusual eating habits. Additionally, stressful life events like; death of loved ones, broken relationships, and divorced parents predispose the youth to suicidal distress (American Psychological Association, 2018).
According to American Psychological Association (2018), mental health treatment is by far the mo...
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