Tobacco Alcohol and Drugs Dissertation Example

Discipline:
Health Care
Chapter:
Discussion
Level:
Bachelor's
Pages:
1
Words:
550
View Sample
Health Psychology: Tobacco, Alcohol, and Drugs Name Institutional affiliation Health Psychology: Tobacco, Alcohol, and Drugs Tobacco, alcohol, and drug use are lifestyle habits that are continually frowned upon in the society, especially the health sector because abuse of these habits poses a severe threat to the health of the people involved. Smoking has significant adverse effects on vital systems in the body mostly respiratory and cardiovascular system. This paper is going to take a look at the effect of smoking on the respiratory system. The respiratory system takes oxygen into the body and expels carbon dioxide, this gaseous exchange takes place at the alveoli-capillary interface just at the end of the bronchioles. “All kinds of smoke, as well as other types of air pollution, increase mucus secretion in the respiratory system but decrease the activity of the respiratory system’s protective mechanisms, thus making the system vulnerable to problems” (Brannon, Feist & Updegraff, 2013.p.284). Mucus formation clogs the bronchi leading to difficulty with expiration which irritates the bronchi, thereby inflammation, and formation of scar tissue, this is called bronchitis “the third leading cause of death in the United States” (Brannon, Feist & Updegraff, 2013, p.284). The formation of scar tissue and presence of mucus could also lead to loss of bronchial elasticity causing air to get trapped in the alveoli, leading to the destruction of the alveoli walls, this condition is called emphysema. Smoking majorly causes these two chronic conditions of chronic bronchitis and emphysema. In the United States, cigarette smoking is “the largest preventable cause of death and disability” (Brannon, Feist & Updegraff, 2013, p.296). Cancer, cardiovascular diseases as well as chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases are major health consequences of tobacco use. Cancer is “the leading cause of smoking-related deaths” (Bran...
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